In the state of California, if you are the sole shareholder (other than your spouse) and officer of a corporation, you could save over $1,000 by electing to exclude your corporate wages from State Disability Insurance (SDI) withholding.
After we wrote about this topic last year many readers were surprised to have never heard about this simple election – so we thought we would share the post again, updated for 2014.
Here’s how it works: The State Disability Insurance (SDI) withholding rate for 2014 is 1.0 percent. The taxable wage limit is $101,636 for each employee per calendar year. Thus, the maximum to withhold for each employee is $1,016.36. You can claim the exclusion by filing a simple one-page statement with the California Employment Development Department (see http://www.edd.ca.gov/pdf_pub_ctr/de459.pdf). Your exclusion will be effective in the calendar quarter filed. With 2013 coming to a close, now is a good time for you to consider filing for this exclusion effective January 1, 2014.
Of course, by electing to be excluded from SDI, you will not be eligible for State disability benefits. Employees covered by State Disability Insurance (SDI) are also covered by Paid Family Leave (PFL) insurance. Therefore before making the election, you should consider the expected value of any potential benefits. Most shareholder/officers will find that the cost savings significantly exceeds the value of the insurance, especially if they have private disability insurance.
There’s more – if your spouse is also a shareholder and officer, either or both of you may file for the exclusion! If your spouse is not a shareholder of record, he or she could still be considered a shareholder if the stock is community property. If the stock is your separate property, then your spouse would not qualify for the exclusion. In addition to being a shareholder, your spouse must be a legally appointed officer to qualify for the exemption.
See http://www.edd.ca.gov/disability for more information on the SDI program.
This is just one of the many little-known ways you can realize significant savings with careful tax planning. If you need help making this election or with your 2014 tax planning, give us a call.